Introduction to Prenatal Attachment and Bonding

Mary-Jo Land
Dr. Nour Zaki
Michael Trout
Michael Blugerman

What is happening before your baby is even born? How can you begin to develop an attachment with your baby in utero?

Please join us for an engaging panel discussion on prenatal attachment and bonding. Mary-Jo Land, psychotherapist and member of The Psychology Foundation of Canada Early Years Program Committee, will lead the conversation with experts in the field, Dr. Nour Zaki, Michael Blugerman, and Michael Trout. Our panel will help illuminate what we mean by prenatal attachment, why this area of child development and what we can do as parents and child serving professionals to enhance prenatal attachment and bonding.

 Mary-Jo Land is a Registered Psychotherapist, in private practice in the GTA and Southern Ontario. The primary focus of Mary-Jo’s work is facilitating attachment and resolving developmental trauma in children, especially those who have been in care, experienced multiple placements and adoption. Recently, Mary-Jo wrote Caring Together: A guide for parents, foster parents and adoptive parents of children who are in care. This book assists all parents as the children journey through the child welfare system. When We Are Very Young is her video series on parenting, attachment and developmental trauma.

Mary-Jo and her husband Kevin have 5 children, 5 grandchildren, were therapeutic foster parents for 20 years and are adoptive parents. She and Kevin live in Grey County, Ontario.  


Nour Zaki, PhD., is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at the American University in Cairo (AUC), Egypt, and a psychotherapist. Her therapy work mainly focuses on prenatal, perinatal and postpartum challenges. Her research interests focus on attachment issues, prenatal psychology, experience of babies in the womb, mother-infant prenatal and postnatal bonding/attachment, and the intergenerational transmission of attachment. Her latest research has focused on how mothers were mothered, and how this impacts their own transition to motherhood. Nour is a member of the Association of Pre and Perinatal Psychology and Health (APPPAH) and a participating member of the Ronald and Nancy Rohner Center for the Study of Interpersonal Acceptance and Rejection at the University of Connecticut (UCONN).

Michael Trout completed both his undergraduate studies in philosophy and his graduate studies in psychology in Michigan. He completed his specialized training in infant psychiatry at the Child Development Project, University of Michigan School of Medicine, under Prof. Selma Fraiberg.
In the mental health field since 1968, and in private practice since 1979, Mr. Trout directs an institute engaged in research, clinical practice and clinical training related to problems of attachment. He was the founding president of the Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health and the International Association for Infant Mental Health, was on the charter Editorial Board of the Infant Mental Health Journal, served as Vice-President for the United States for the World Association for Infant Mental Health, and served on the Board of Directors (and as Editor of the Newsletter) for APPPAH–the international society for prenatal and perinatal psychology. 

Michael Blugerman, M.S.W, R.S.W. has worked in the field of forming families through adoption for 40 years as Executive Director of Children’s Resource and Consultation Centre of Ontario and has maintained a psychotherapy practice concerned with families and children for many years. He is interested in infant parent psychotherapy and the formation of the person resulting from early attachment expereinces and the functioning of the family environment. Michael is a former president of ATTACh: an Association for Training in Trauma and Attachment in Children and a former president of the Canadian Association of Psychoanalytic Child Therapists. He is a lifelong learner and likes to remember to go back to the beginning and remain curious about how all of us are put together.